The fundamental principles of weaving are, SHEDDING ie dividing the longitudinal threads called 'warp' into two sheets; PICKING ie insertion of transverse threads called 'weft' into the space created by the division of warp sheets and BEATING ie pulling the inserted wefts one after the other to form cloth. There is no change in these principles whether it is Handloom, Powerloom. Automatic Loom or Shuttleless Loom technology.
Shuttleless looms have been developed to overcome the inherent problems created by the dynamics of the picking mechanism on the conventional Fly Shuttle Looms and make use of entirely different methods of weft insertion. Air Jet, Water Jet, Rapier, Gripper (Projectile) and Multi- Phase are the various types of Shuttleless Weaving Machines named after the method employed for weft insertion.
· Except the weft yarn is placed at the side of the loom, the weaving processes (primary and auxiliary motions) of shuttleless loom is similar to shuttle loom
· Insert weft yarn by means of projectile, rapier, air and water jet Weft yarn is placed outside the weaving loom. The speed is faster, quiet and better fabric quality