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Units of textile measurement
Mar 16, 2019

The textile industry has a long history and there are various units in use. Tex is more likely to be used in Canada and Continental Europe, while denier remains more common in the United States and United Kingdom. The International System of Units uses kilogram per meter for linear density.



 

den (denier) grams (0.035 oz) per 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) of yarn. Den is a direct measure of linear density.

 

dtex (denier; deci-tex) grams (0.035 oz) per 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) of yarn. Dtex is a direct measure of linear density.

 

gr/yard grains (0.065 g) per yard (0.91 m) of yarn. Gr/yard is a direct measure of linear density.

 

ECC or NeC or Ne (English Cotton Count) The number of 840 yards (770 m) lengths per pound (0.45 kg). ECC is an indirect measure of linear density. It is the number of hanks of skein material that weighs 1 pound (0.45 kg). Under this system, the higher the number, the finer the yarn. In the United States cotton counts between 1 and 20 are referred to as coarse counts. A regular single-knit T-shirt can be between 20 and 40 count; fine bed sheets are usually in the range of 40 to 80 count. The number is now widely used in the staple fiber industry.

 

Lea or NeL (linen Count) The number of 300 yards (270 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. Lea is an indirect measure of linear density.

 

Ne or NeC or ECC (Number English). The number of 840 yards (770 m) lengths per pound (0.45 kg). Ne is an indirect measure of linear density. It is the number of hanks of skein material that weigh 1 pound (0.45 kg). Under this system, the higher the number, the finer the yarn. In the United States cotton counts between 1 and 20 are referred to as coarse counts. A regular single-knit T-shirt can be between 20 and 40 count; fine bed sheets are usually in the range of 40 to 80 count. The number is now widely used in the staple fiber industry.

 

NeC or Ne or ECC (Number English Cotton). The number of 840 yards (770 m) lengths per pound (0.45 kg). NeC is an indirect measure of linear density. It is the number of hanks of skein material that weigh 1 pound (0.45 kg). Under this system, the higher the number, the finer the yarn. In the United States cotton counts between 1 and 20 are referred to as coarse counts. A regular single-knit T-shirt can be between 20 and 40 count; fine bed sheets are usually in the range of 40 to 80 count. The number is now widely used in the staple fiber industry.

 

NeK or NeW (Worsted Count). The number of 560 yards (510 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. NeK is an indirect measure of linear density. NeK is also referred to as the Spinning count.

 

NeL or Lea (Linen Count). The number of 300 yards (270 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. NeL is an indirect measure of linear density.

 

NeS (Woollen Count or Yorkshire skein). The number of 256 yards (234 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. NeS is an indirect measure of linear density. One of the best known of the many different woollen yarn counts.

 

NeW or NeK (Worsted Count). The number of 560 yards (510 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. NeW is an indirect measure of linear density.

 

tex grams (0.035 oz) per kilometer (0.62 mi) of yarn. tex is a direct measure of linear density. Tex is used for measuring fiber size in many products, including cigarette filters, optical cable, yarn and fabric.

 

filament tex grams (0.035 oz) per kilometer (0.62 mi) of a single filament.

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